Trigger point therapy is an alternative therapy that focuses on detecting and releasing trigger
points. Located in the skeletal muscle, trigger points are spots that produce pain when
compressed. In many cases, trigger points form as a result of trauma to the muscle fibers.
Typically used to treat pain-related conditions, trigger point therapy is sometimes referred to as
myofascial trigger point therapy or neuromuscular therapy.
A number of techniques can be used to release trigger points, including massage therapy,
chiropractic care, and dry needling.
Uses for Trigger Point Therapy
In alternative medicine, trigger point therapy is used to treat a number of chronic pain
temporomandibular joint pain
low back pain
In addition, some people use trigger point therapy as a treatment for osteoarthritis, carpal
tunnel syndrome, tinnitus, migraines, sciatica, and sports injuries.
What are the benefits of prenatal massage?
Preliminary studies suggest that prenatal massage may help to reduce stress, decrease
swelling in the arms and legs, and relieve aches and pains in muscles and joints.
In alternative medicine, prenatal massage is sometimes suggested for back pain.
Not only can massage be physically beneficial, but the human touch can be comforting and
provide emotional support during pregnancy.
Preliminary studies also suggest that massage therapy may reduce anxiety and depression.
Benefits of Trigger Point Therapy
Here's a look at the science behind the potential health benefits of trigger point therapy:
When used in conjunction with other therapies, dry needling may be beneficial for people with
chronic low back pain. That's the finding of a 2005 research review published in the Cochrane
Database of Systematic Reviews. However, since most of the reviewed trials were of poor
quality, the review's authors note that more research is needed on the effectiveness of dry
needling in treatment of low back pain.
Preliminary research indicates that trigger point therapy may help manage tension headaches,
according to a 2012 report from Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. However, there is
currently a lack of clinical trials testing the use of trigger point therapy in treatment of tension
Trigger point therapy may help relieve plantar heel pain, suggests a small study published in
the Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy in 2011.
For the study, 60 people with plantar heel plan were split into two groups: One group regularly
performed stretching exercises, while the other group underwent trigger point therapy (in
addition to following the same stretching routine as the first group). After a month, the group
who received trigger point therapy showed a greater improvement in physical function and a
greater decrease in pain.
Trigger point therapy shows promise in the treatment of certain symptoms associated with
Parkinson's disease, according to a pilot study published in Movement Disorders in 2006.
For the study, 36 people with Parkinson's disease either received trigger point therapy or
underwent a music-based relaxation therapy twice a week for four weeks. By the study's end,
members of the trigger point therapy group showed greater improvement in motor function.
While both groups showed modest improvement in quality of life, only members of the music
relaxation group had improvements in mood and anxiety.